Medical Research

Is Premature Birth Linked to Diabetes Risk?

A new study investigated whether being born prematurely can raise a person’s risks of developing either type 1 or type 2 diabetes from childhood into early to mid-adulthood. Read more

How Gender Impacts Vascular Disease

Both men and women are affected by diabetes, but previous studies have found that women are more affected by macrovascular complications such as coronary artery disease and stroke. It’s not yet known why this is, but the different ways male and female bodies store fat may play a role. Read more

Cortisol Levels May Predict Hypertension, Diabetes

Obesity is a risk factor for many conditions, including type 2 diabetes. Now researchers say obesity may be a result of an alteration in the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. A recent study examined cortisol levels in people with obesity to determine if there is an association with diabetes, hypertension, and cortisol. Read more

A1c Levels Can Indicate Coronary Arterial Plaque

The results of a recent study strengthen the theory that HbA1c is associated with coronary atherosclerosis development, a forerunner of heart disease, in people who do not have diabetes. Mixed patterned plaques were found to be more associated with higher HbA1c levels. Read more

Reversing Diabetes with Gene Editing

Scientists at Washington University announced they have developed a way to use gene editing system CRISPR-Cas9 to edit a mutation certain stem cells and then turn them into beta cells that produce insulin. When transplanted into mice, the cells reversed preexisting diabetes. Read more

Genetic Dyslipidemia and Type 2

Previous studies have had conflicting results on whether patients with familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) — a form of dyslipidemia that results in abnormally high levels of lipids — had a higher incidence of type 2 diabetes. Now a 15-year study has found patients with FCHL are a significantly higher risk for developing type 2 diabetes. […]

Air Pollution Increases Diabetes Risk

Exposure to air pollution alters gut microbiome composition, which subsequently increases the risk of obesity, diabetes, and other chronic illnesses, according to a new study which used whole-genome sequencing to examine whether air pollutants affected the gut microbiome of 101 young adults. Read more

Potential Diabetes Cure Coming Closer

Converted human stem cells cured mice with diabetes for at least nine months and, in some cases for a year. The transformed cells produced insulin, allowing the mice to decrease their high blood sugars. While the research is still in early stages, the researchers feel it holds promise. Read more

Type 1 Diabetes May be Two Distinct Conditions

New research has found that children diagnosed with type 1 diabetes under the age of seven have a different type (specifically “endotype”) of the condition compared to patients with diabetes who have been diagnosed at age thirteen or above. These findings could spur further research into whether dormant insulin-producing cells can be reactivated.  Read more

Duodenal Mucosal Resurfacing: A Less-Invasive Take on Bariatric Surgery

Bariatric surgery has been increasingly used in patients with obesity, and is an effective way to help aid glycemic control. It has been suggested that changing how nutrients are presented to the duodenum is one reason why improvements are seen after bariatric surgery. Importantly, this alteration does not appear to lead to malabsorption of nutrients. […]

Coin-Sized Smart Insulin Patch Could Help Treat Diabetes

Researchers have made progress in developing a smart insulin-delivery patch that may one day monitor and manage glucose levels in people with diabetes, and deliver the necessary insulin dosage. The adhesive patch is about the size of a quarter, is simple to manufacture, and is intended for once-a-day use. Read more

Study Finds A Potential Way to Reverse Type 2

In a pair of related studies, researchers at Yale have found a potential way to reverse type-2 diabetes and liver fibrosis in mice, and have shown that the underlying processes could also be effective in people. Read more

Barbershops May Be New Resource in IDing Diabetes in Black Men

New research suggests that community-based diabetes screening in barbershops owned by black people may help diagnose diabetes in black men, and assist them in coping with a diabetes diagnosis. Data has shown diabetes complications to be disproportionately high among black men compared with other ethnic groups. Read more

Pennsylvania Researchers Investigate Potential Outpatient Treatment for Type 2

A clinical trial at Penn Medicine (University of Pennsylvania) is testing whether a procedure that involves killing cells on the inner surface of the duodenum (the portion of the small intestine immediately past the stomach) could lead to better control of blood sugar in people with diabetes. While not a cure, it could reduce the […]

Freestyle Libre Use Reduces Sick Days, Hospitalizations

New research says that using the FreeStyle Libre, a wearable flash glucose monitoring system, for a year reduces diabetes-related sick days and hospital admissions by a third, according to new research. The Netherlands-based study also found Freestyle Libre users had fewer and less severe hypoglycemic episodes and a significant decrease in HbA1c. Read more

Maternal Health And Childhood Obesity

Childhood obesity is a has many causes, and some evidence suggests possible exposure to in utero maternal obesity or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) might have a role. Read more

“Super-Grafts” to Treat Severe type 1

To save patients with a severe form of type 1 diabetes, pancreatic cell transplantation is a “last resort” treatment, because the process is long and complex, and many of the grafted cells die quickly. Researchers have found that adding amniotic epithelial cells to these cell clusters creates much more robust “super-islets” of Langerhans. Once transplanted, […]

The Complex Relationship Between Type 2 and Alzheimer’s

Researchers may be only beginning to understand how Alzheimer’s disease and type 2 diabetes could be linked. Deciphering the connection could lead to earlier Alzheimer’s diagnosis and better treatments for both diseases. The connection involves how the brain metabolizes blood sugar and the factors that influence that process, including diet, sleep, and cardiovascular health.   […]

New Test May Help ID Children With Type 1

Nearly one half of all children who develop type 1 diabetes are only diagnosed when they are hospitalized with a diabetic coma. Researchers are trying to see if a genetic test can detect type 1 before these emergencies occur. Read more

Diabetes + Depression Increases Heart Risk

A new study further reinforces that there is an association of type 2 diabetes and depression with heart risk. Patients who have depression and diabetes are at higher risk for all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality compared to diabetes patients who do not have depression. Read more