Medical Research

Debate Continues on Artificial Sweeteners

Some studies of sugar substitutes have reported an association between the use of non-sugar sweeteners and reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, excess weight, and obesity. However, other studies have found that non-sugar sweeteners can increase the risk of excess weight, diabetes, and cancer. Read more

The Mysterious Link Between Diabetes and Sleep Duration

Research has shown that there’s an association between how long a person sleeps and developing diabetes, but how the association works is unclear. Sleep duration might somehow contribute to causing diabetes, or both sleep duration and diabetes may be caused by a third factor. To attempt to gain a better understanding, a new study looked […]

Early Screening for Gestational Diabetes in Women with Obesity May Not Be Helpful

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends earlier screening for gestational diabetes in women with certain risk factors, including obesity, but study data to support this recommendation has been lacking. Findings presented Feb. 14, 2019 at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine’s annual Pregnancy Meeting™ suggest there is no improvement in pregnancy outcomes for women […]

New Sensor May Detect Diabetes Earlier

A new sensor developed by Indian scientists detects low levels of Retinol Binding Protein 4 (RBP4), a biomarker for early diabetes, and could enable earlier detection of the disease. Biomarkers are usually present only in very small concentrations in blood serum, but they can indicate a very early stage of the disease, or predict the […]

Researchers Identify DNA Variations that Affect Where Your Body Gains Fat

A new study that combined data of more than 400,000 individuals from over 70 research institutes around the world identified 24 new genetic variants that are involved in determining where fat is stored on the body, says Dr. Ruth Loos, a lead author of the study. These variants can also affect risk of diabetes and […]

Can Bariatric Surgery Really Lead to Diabetes Remission?

A recent study from the European Association for the Study of Diabetes reports that a type of bariatric surgery, Roux-en-Y (RYGB), may effectively put patients in diabetes remission. The study looked at the effects of the surgery and thee likelihood of relapse, surgical complications, and incidence of microvascular (retinopathy, neuropathy, etc.) and macrovascular (clogged arteries) […]

Cells May “Change Identity” to Treat Diabetes

Researchers say they have discovered a way for cells to alter their “identities” so that healthy cells can more easily make up for lack of production from damaged insulin cells. They made the discovery while analyzing cells in the pancreas, the organ where cells that regulate blood sugar are produced. They found that approximately two […]

New Info about “Apple Shapes” and Diabetes

People who tend to accumulate excess fat in their bellies, rather than carrying excess fat around their hips, due to their genes are at higher risk of type 2 diabetes and heart attacks, a new study says. While the association of “apple shaped” bodies with these conditions is not new, this research gives new insight […]

Saliva-Testing Sensors May Become Another Fingerstick Alternative

Scientists may soon develop another alternative to the painful finger-prick blood glucose tests many people with diabetes have to endure. The new invention is a paper-strip sensor that gauges blood glucose via a patient’s saliva. When saliva is applied to the sensor, glucose  in the body fluid reacts with glucose oxidase on the strip, creating […]

A New Drug Combination May Offer Hope for Beta Cell Growth

Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have discovered a new combination of two classes of drugs that induces the highest rate of proliferation ever observed in adult human beta cells—the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. The result is an important step toward a diabetes treatment that can restore the […]

Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Diabetic Neuropathy

A new study of people with type 2 diabetes found that vitamin D levels were significantly lower in people with diabetic peripheral neuropathy than in people without the condition. The study found that vitamin D deficiency is linked with painful and painless diabetic peripheral neuropathy despite age, BMI, activity level, or sun exposure. Read more

New Shoe Inserts Could Help Heal Foot Ulcers On-the-Go

Foot ulcers are a common complication of diabetes, and many patients may not even feel or notice an ulcer developing until the sight of blood. Worse, because these ulcers can’t heal on their own, 14 to 24 percent of people with diabetes in the U.S. who develop ulcers end up losing their toes, foot or […]

New Treatment Could Put Type 2 in Remission for Some

A new treatment may have the potential to put diabetes into remission in some type 2 diabetes patients, researchers say. The treatment involves regrowing the cells on the surface of a patient’s small intestine; the new cells spur the pancreas to produce adequate amounts of insulin again. Read more

Some Types of Obesity May Protect Against Diabetes

Many experts believe that where you store fat on your body is determined by your genes, and that where extra fat is stored matters more than the amount of extra fat where insulin resistance and risk of diabetes are concerned. Now new research has defined 14 genetic variants that dictate where the body stores surplus […]

Statins in Older People? It’s Complicated

A recent study looked at whether statin use helps prevent heart issues in older people, with and without diabetes. In participants with diabetes, statins did significantly reduce the incidence of atherosclerotic CVD by 24% and all-cause mortality by 16% in those age 75–84 years. However, no benefit was seen in people with type 2 diabetes […]

How Diabetes Causes Heart Failure

Men with diabetes are more than twice as likely, and women five times more likely, to suffer heart failure than people who don’t have the disease. New research looks at how, on a cellular level, diabetes can cause heart failure. The study findings may one day lead to medications to treat or even prevent heart […]

Common Blood Test May Help Detect Risk for Gestational Diabetes Early

The HbA1c test (also called the A1C test) is commonly used to diagnose type 2 diabetes. Researchers have found it could potentially also be used to identify signs of gestational diabetes in the first trimester of pregnancy. The test could be given as early as 10 weeks into pregnancy to help identify women at risk […]

Why Obesity Is a Chronic Disease

Dr. George Bray, an expert in obesity and endocrinology, talks about why obesity is a chronic disease, what medical research is teaching us about the complex medical causes of obesity, and why we must move beyond treating it as an issue of personal responsibility and failure. Read more

Blood Test Could ID Gestational Diabetes Earlier

A new blood test that can be conducted as early as the 10th week of pregnancy may help identify women who are at risk for gestational diabetes, say researchers. Gestational diabetes is a pregnancy-related condition that poses potentially serious health risks for mothers and babies. By detecting the risk early, doctors could help mothers make […]

Not Smoking, Managing Blood Glucose Dramatically Reduce Heart Risk for Diabetes Patients

New research has found that refraining from smoking cigarettes and maintaining good control of key risk factors — blood pressure, long-term blood glucose, lipid status (fats and fat-like substances in the blood), and renal function — could dramatically reduce cardiovascular risk for people with diabetes. The researchers found that smoking was the most important risk […]