Medical Research

New Eye Scan Could Help Predict Diabetes

New research says that specialist analysis of the lens in the eye can predict which patients may develop type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or prediabetes. The study used a newly developed biomicroscope which can detect advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in the eye via a simple scan. Read more

Gene Editing for Obesity and Diabetes?

Researchers are looking into the possibility of using a modified CRISPR gene editing technique to target fat cells, potentially improving weight loss by exploiting how cells use their genetic code. Read more

Pregnant Women with Diabetes at Higher Stillbirth Risk

The reasons for higher stillbirth risk in pregnant women with diabetes are not fully understood, but some risk factors that certainly play a role may be changed, including a pregnant mother’s glucose level and body mass index. Read more

Overtreatment in Medically Complex Diabetes Patients

A large proportion of medically complex patients — patients who have diabetes along with other serious conditions — in the United States are overtreated, leading to more than 9000 excess hospital visits over a 2-year period, researchers say. Read more

Type 2, Menopause, and Sleep Problems

It’s been known that hormone changes can alter insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism, as well as interfere with women’s sleep patterns. But little research about the association between diabetes and sleep disturbances during menopause had been done. Now, a new study on that topic concludes women with diabetes are at greater risk for sleep disturbances. […]

Obesity and Diabetes Increase Risk for Stillbirth

Pregnant women who have diabetes and obesity are more likely to suffer a stillbirth, according to researchers from the University of Glasgow and the University of Edinburgh in the U.K., who studied a large population of mothers with diabetes in Scotland from 1998-2006. Read more

Fasting Glucose Levels Linked to Pancreatic Cancer

A new study that looked at patient data over more than 5 years found that the risk for pancreatic cancer increased continuously with increased fasting glucose levels, even in people who did not have diabetes. Read more

Metformin Lowers Risk of Dementia for Black Patients

Researchers found that metformin use was associated with a substantially lower risk for dementia among younger African-American patients with diabetes when compared with sulfonylurea, according to a recently published study. Read more

New Type of Diabetes Drug Performs Well in Phase 3 Trial

Imeglimin is the first in a new class of oral antidiabetic agents, the glimins. Imeglimin decreases hepatic glucose production, increases muscle glucose uptake, and improves pancreatic glucose-dependent insulin secretion. The drug performed well in combination with metformin in its latest trial. Read more

Gastric Bypass Beneficial for Adolescents

Researchers have found that the benefits of gastric bypass surgery may be even greater for adolescents with diabetes and obesity than they are for adults. The study findings report that adolescents were 27% more likely than adults to have remission of diabetes after the surgery, and also showed greater reduction in hypertension than adults did. […]

Prediabetes Progression is Not Inevitable

Only 13% of participants in a recent study of patients with elevated blood sugar readings at study start went on to develop diabetes. 64% remained in prediabetes or dropped to normal blood glucose levels without medication, through making lifestyle changes like diet and exercise. Read more

Your Gender Affects Your Risk of Neuropathic Pain

A new study set out to examine how vitamin D deficiencies contribute to neuropathic pain in type 2 diabetes, but the researchers found a surprising result — that vitamin D levels didn’t matter nearly as much to the patients they were studying as did their gender, when it came to pain. Read more

The “Diabetes Bone Paradox” in Type 2

Patients with type 1 diabetes are known to have low bone mineral density (BMD), increasing their risk for bone fractures. In contrast, patients with type 2 diabetes typically have higher BMD — which you might think should reduce their fracture risk. But in fact, people with type 2 have been found to also be at […]

A Protein that Could Reverse Type 2 Diabetes?

Researchers found that in patients who had obesity or were insulin resistant, the gene for a specific glycoprotein, CD248, was upregulated, and the body was making more of the protein. They concluded that CD248 plays a role in the cellular processes that lead to insulin resistance. Read more

Undetected Diabetes Could Double Heart Disease, Gum Disease Risks

It’s long been know that having diabetes contributes to the risk of both periodontitis (gum disease) and heart disease. Researchers recently looked at whether undetected blood sugar disorders (dysglycemia) and undetected diabetes contributed to the conditions, and found they effectively doubled the risk. Read more

A Drug to Delay Type 1?

Scientists have reported a major breakthrough in treating type 1 diabetes: a drug that can delay the development of the disease in young people at high risk. The researchers found that 2 weeks of treatment with an experimental intravenous drug delayed development of type 1 diabetes by an average of about two years. Read more

Diabetes Rates are Falling – The Reasons Aren’t Simple

Despite climbing rates of obesity among U.S. adults, diabetes rates have been falling for close to a decade. Recently released federal data found new diabetes diagnoses were about 1.3 million in 2017, down from 1.7 million in 2009. The reasons aren’t clear, health officials say; possibilities include changes in testing and lifestyle interventions aimed at […]

Can Diabetes Increase the Spread of Cancer?

New research suggests that diabetes could increase the risk of cancer tumors metastasizing (spreading). The researchers believe the surrounding biological conditions can affect the growth and spread of cancer, and diabetes may create conditions that enhance cancer cell’s ability to move. Read more

Metformin Associated with B12 Deficiency, Cognitive Issues

A recent study found  that metformin use was associated with impaired cognitive performance and vitamin B12 deficiency. Vitamin B12 and calcium supplements may help to reduce metformin-induced vitamin B12 deficiency, and were associated with better cognitive outcomes in older patients taking metformin. Read more

Debate Continues on Artificial Sweeteners

Some studies of sugar substitutes have reported an association between the use of non-sugar sweeteners and reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, excess weight, and obesity. However, other studies have found that non-sugar sweeteners can increase the risk of excess weight, diabetes, and cancer. Read more