Medical Research

Weight Loss Surgery Could Reduce Pancreatic Cancer Risk

Obesity and diabetes are both risk factors for pancreatic cancer. Bariatric surgery, a.k.a. weight loss surgery, significantly reduced the risk for pancreatic cancer in patients with obesity and diabetes, according to a recent study. Read more

Precision Medicine Achieves Type 1 Reversal

A precision medicine treatment has led to the reversal of a case of type 1 diabetes in a male patient, says a study published in the New England Journal of Medicine. The researchers found the patient had a harmful mutation in a gene called STAT1, and treated the patient with a drug that could inhibit […]

Testing HbA1c Can Also Reveal Heart Disease Risk

Testing HbA1c levels — a standard test to diagnose diabetes — can accurately predict cardiovascular risks and successfully indicate cardiovascular disease, researchers say. Read more

Most People May Be Vulnerable to Type 2, Study Says

Insulin may have reached an evolutionary dead end, a group of scientists say. This means that insulin’s ability to adapt to obesity is limited, which renders most people vulnerable to type 2 diabetes. Read more

“Super Pea” May Help Control Blood Sugar Spikes

A type of wrinkled “super pea” could potentially help control blood sugar levels and thus reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes, according to researchers from the Imperial College London, the John Innes Centre, Quadram Institute Bioscience and University of Glasgow, UK. The researchers suggest incorporating the peas into foods, whether as whole pea seeds […]

Endoscopic Procedure Could Reduce Insulin Dependence

A small trial found that an endoscopic therapeutic procedure, which involved putting a small balloon filled with hot water down the patient’s throat, successfully reduced the need for insulin use in most participants. The procedure burns away some of the small intestine’s surface cells which are then replaced; the new cells signal the body to […]

Can Electromagnetic Fields Treat Diabetes Remotely?

Researchers say they may have found a “remote control” for managing diabetes. The researchers found that exposing diabetic mice to a combination of static electric and magnetic fields for a few hours per day reduced their blood sugar and normalized their bodies’ responses to insulin. Read more

Early-Onset Type 2 More Common for Some Ethnicities than Others

A study based in London, U.K., found that adults of South Asian and African Caribbean ethnicity are more likely to be diagnosed with early-onset type 2 diabetes than white adults. Physicians should be aware of the elevated risk and focus on management and prevention of type 2 risk in young adults of these ethnicities, the […]

COVID-19 and New-Onset Diabetes

Researchers are finding a two-way relationship between COVID-19 and diabetes: people with diabetes are at increased risk of severe complications from COVID-19, and people who contract COVID-19 are at an increased risk of new-onset diabetes. An international research project, the CoviDIAB Registry project, will seek to understand why. Read more

Exercise Key to Prevent Diabetes from Leading to Heart Disease

Diabetes is a well known risk factor for heart disease, and cardiac issues are a major cause of death among people with diabetes. Researchers say they have found that exercise causes the release of small sequences of genetic code in the heart, called microRNA, which increase protein production to improve heart structure and function. Read […]

Can Heart Rate Variability Predict Diabetes Risk?

Heart Rate Variability (HRV) is the variation between two consecutive heartbeats. Previous research has suggested HRV abnormalities, such as a significant reduction in HRV, may precede the development of cardiovascular disease or diabetes. Researchers conducted a study to see if HRV alone could predict diabetes risk. Read more

Studying the Rarer Forms of Diabetes

While most of us are familiar with type 1 and type 2 diabetes, there are other, rarer forms of the disease, that are poorly understood. A new initiative from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), The Rare and Atypical Diabetes Network (RADIANT) plans to screen about 2,000 people who have unknown or atypical forms of […]

Diabetes in Pregnancy Affects Children’s Future Heart Health

People whose mothers had diabetes during pregnancy are at increased risk for early heart disease as young adults. The researchers say that the risk applies to both children of mothers who have pre-existing type 2 diabetes when they become pregnant, and children whose mothers developed gestational diabetes during their pregnancies. Read more

Vitamin D Deficiency Linked to Painful Neuropathy

Diabetic neuropathy, or nerve damage, is a common diabetes complication, with symptoms that can range from numbness and pain in extremities to decreased functioning of internal organs. Vitamin D deficiency has been linked previously to neuropathy, and now researchers say it has a specific link to painful neuropathy. Read more

Diabetes Drug Jardiance Shows Heart Failure Benefits

Jardiance (empagliflozin) has been studied for its use in people with heart failure. A study has found it shows effectiveness in patients with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). In heart failure with reduced ejection fraction, the heart muscle does not contract efficiently, and a smaller percentage of blood is pumped out of the heart than usual. […]

More Insight into Dementia Risks of Type 2

It’s been recognized for some time that 2 diabetes is associated with an increased risk of dementia. A recent large study provides new insight into both the types of dementia implicated and some of the causative factors, finding that the risk is highest for vascular dementia, and the greatest risk is to individuals with poor […]

Diabetes Damages Kidney’s Ability to Clean Itself

The body’s natural process for cleaning its internal organs is called autophagy, which literally means “self-eating.” Researchers say that diabetes can damage the ability of the kidneys to perform this self-cleaning process, which is one reason the kidneys often become bulky and dysfunctional in people with diabetes. Read more

Potential New Way to Regenerate Beta Cells

Pancreatic beta cells, which are essential to insulin production, are reduced by 40-60% in patients with type 2 diabetes, and 70-97% in patients with type 1 diabetes. Researchers have long sought ways to achieve beta cell regeneration in people with diabetes. Recent research suggests a combination of GLP-1 agonists and DYRK1A inhibitors may work to […]

Reducing COVID-19 Complications in Diabetes

Researchers at the University of Michigan have developed an algorithm to help treat COVID-19 patients with diabetes. They hope this algorithm will help reduce the risk of complications like kidney failure and respiratory distress which are more likely to affect people with diabetes & the novel coronavirus. Read more

High Blood Pressure, Diabetes, and Dementia Risk

High blood pressure and diabetes slow down memory and cognition, and the effects can be seen as early as middle age, say researchers who used subtle measurements to determine how the brain is affected in terms of memory and thinking speed at earlier ages. Read more