Medical Research

Gastric Bypass Beneficial for Adolescents

Researchers have found that the benefits of gastric bypass surgery may be even greater for adolescents with diabetes and obesity than they are for adults. The study findings report that adolescents were 27% more likely than adults to have remission of diabetes after the surgery, and also showed greater reduction in hypertension than adults did. […]

Prediabetes Progression is Not Inevitable

Only 13% of participants in a recent study of patients with elevated blood sugar readings at study start went on to develop diabetes. 64% remained in prediabetes or dropped to normal blood glucose levels without medication, through making lifestyle changes like diet and exercise. Read more

Your Gender Affects Your Risk of Neuropathic Pain

A new study set out to examine how vitamin D deficiencies contribute to neuropathic pain in type 2 diabetes, but the researchers found a surprising result — that vitamin D levels didn’t matter nearly as much to the patients they were studying as did their gender, when it came to pain. Read more

The “Diabetes Bone Paradox” in Type 2

Patients with type 1 diabetes are known to have low bone mineral density (BMD), increasing their risk for bone fractures. In contrast, patients with type 2 diabetes typically have higher BMD — which you might think should reduce their fracture risk. But in fact, people with type 2 have been found to also be at […]

A Protein that Could Reverse Type 2 Diabetes?

Researchers found that in patients who had obesity or were insulin resistant, the gene for a specific glycoprotein, CD248, was upregulated, and the body was making more of the protein. They concluded that CD248 plays a role in the cellular processes that lead to insulin resistance. Read more

Undetected Diabetes Could Double Heart Disease, Gum Disease Risks

It’s long been know that having diabetes contributes to the risk of both periodontitis (gum disease) and heart disease. Researchers recently looked at whether undetected blood sugar disorders (dysglycemia) and undetected diabetes contributed to the conditions, and found they effectively doubled the risk. Read more

A Drug to Delay Type 1?

Scientists have reported a major breakthrough in treating type 1 diabetes: a drug that can delay the development of the disease in young people at high risk. The researchers found that 2 weeks of treatment with an experimental intravenous drug delayed development of type 1 diabetes by an average of about two years. Read more

Diabetes Rates are Falling – The Reasons Aren’t Simple

Despite climbing rates of obesity among U.S. adults, diabetes rates have been falling for close to a decade. Recently released federal data found new diabetes diagnoses were about 1.3 million in 2017, down from 1.7 million in 2009. The reasons aren’t clear, health officials say; possibilities include changes in testing and lifestyle interventions aimed at […]

Can Diabetes Increase the Spread of Cancer?

New research suggests that diabetes could increase the risk of cancer tumors metastasizing (spreading). The researchers believe the surrounding biological conditions can affect the growth and spread of cancer, and diabetes may create conditions that enhance cancer cell’s ability to move. Read more

Metformin Associated with B12 Deficiency, Cognitive Issues

A recent study found  that metformin use was associated with impaired cognitive performance and vitamin B12 deficiency. Vitamin B12 and calcium supplements may help to reduce metformin-induced vitamin B12 deficiency, and were associated with better cognitive outcomes in older patients taking metformin. Read more

Debate Continues on Artificial Sweeteners

Some studies of sugar substitutes have reported an association between the use of non-sugar sweeteners and reduced risk of type 2 diabetes, excess weight, and obesity. However, other studies have found that non-sugar sweeteners can increase the risk of excess weight, diabetes, and cancer. Read more

The Mysterious Link Between Diabetes and Sleep Duration

Research has shown that there’s an association between how long a person sleeps and developing diabetes, but how the association works is unclear. Sleep duration might somehow contribute to causing diabetes, or both sleep duration and diabetes may be caused by a third factor. To attempt to gain a better understanding, a new study looked […]

Early Screening for Gestational Diabetes in Women with Obesity May Not Be Helpful

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists recommends earlier screening for gestational diabetes in women with certain risk factors, including obesity, but study data to support this recommendation has been lacking. Findings presented Feb. 14, 2019 at the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine’s annual Pregnancy Meeting™ suggest there is no improvement in pregnancy outcomes for women […]

New Sensor May Detect Diabetes Earlier

A new sensor developed by Indian scientists detects low levels of Retinol Binding Protein 4 (RBP4), a biomarker for early diabetes, and could enable earlier detection of the disease. Biomarkers are usually present only in very small concentrations in blood serum, but they can indicate a very early stage of the disease, or predict the […]

Researchers Identify DNA Variations that Affect Where Your Body Gains Fat

A new study that combined data of more than 400,000 individuals from over 70 research institutes around the world identified 24 new genetic variants that are involved in determining where fat is stored on the body, says Dr. Ruth Loos, a lead author of the study. These variants can also affect risk of diabetes and […]

Can Bariatric Surgery Really Lead to Diabetes Remission?

A recent study from the European Association for the Study of Diabetes reports that a type of bariatric surgery, Roux-en-Y (RYGB), may effectively put patients in diabetes remission. The study looked at the effects of the surgery and thee likelihood of relapse, surgical complications, and incidence of microvascular (retinopathy, neuropathy, etc.) and macrovascular (clogged arteries) […]

Cells May “Change Identity” to Treat Diabetes

Researchers say they have discovered a way for cells to alter their “identities” so that healthy cells can more easily make up for lack of production from damaged insulin cells. They made the discovery while analyzing cells in the pancreas, the organ where cells that regulate blood sugar are produced. They found that approximately two […]

New Info about “Apple Shapes” and Diabetes

People who tend to accumulate excess fat in their bellies, rather than carrying excess fat around their hips, due to their genes are at higher risk of type 2 diabetes and heart attacks, a new study says. While the association of “apple shaped” bodies with these conditions is not new, this research gives new insight […]

Saliva-Testing Sensors May Become Another Fingerstick Alternative

Scientists may soon develop another alternative to the painful finger-prick blood glucose tests many people with diabetes have to endure. The new invention is a paper-strip sensor that gauges blood glucose via a patient’s saliva. When saliva is applied to the sensor, glucose  in the body fluid reacts with glucose oxidase on the strip, creating […]

A New Drug Combination May Offer Hope for Beta Cell Growth

Researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai have discovered a new combination of two classes of drugs that induces the highest rate of proliferation ever observed in adult human beta cells—the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. The result is an important step toward a diabetes treatment that can restore the […]