Type II

Weight Gain After Quitting Smoking Linked to Diabetes

Quitting smoking has many health benefits, but the weight many ex-smokers gain after quitting can increase risk for developing type 2 diabetes, according to a new study. The risk was highest in people who had recently quit smoking. The researchers recommend ex-smokers take care to eat a healthful diet and exercise regularly to help diminish […]

Bariatric Surgery May Be as Effective as Medication

A new study, Beta Cell Restoration through Fat Mitigation, or BetaFat, followed patients with mild to moderate obesity and either prediabetes or new-onset type 2 diabetes. Patients were randomly assigned to receive either a gastric banding procedure, which places a band around the upper part of the stomach to slow digestion, or the medication metformin. […]

Poor Blood Sugar Control Raises Risk of Serious Infections

A new study of over 85,000 people with diabetes has found that those who have the poorest control of their blood sugar are three times more likely to be hospitalized due to serious infections. Their risk was higher with all types of infections, but especially for bacterial infections. Read more

The Links Between PCOS and Diabetes

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormonal disorder in women. Dr. Rhoda Cobin, a PCOS specialist, shares insights into the association between PCOS and type 2 diabetes, the effects of PCOS, and why it often runs in families — and why men who have family members with PCOS may also be at risk. Read […]

Keto Diet Could Increase Type 2 Risk

The keto diet is a low-carb, high-fat diet plan that causes the body to burn fat instead of carbohydrates through a process known as ketosis. Researchers say tests in mice indicate keto diets could lead to developing type 2 diabetes; the diets don’t allow the body to properly use insulin, so blood sugar isn’t properly […]

Vitamin D Supplementation Can Help Prevent Diabetes

Low levels of vitamin D are often found in patients with prediabetes and diabetes. Vitamin D supplementation can potentially lower blood glucose levels and insulin resistance, and can be beneficial in the prevention of type 2 diabetes. Read more

For Seniors, Inactivity Can Rapidly Lead to Type 2

A study that involved seniors reducing their normal activity levels for just two weeks led to elevated blood sugar levels and sped the onset of type 2 diabetes. Some patients did not fully recover even after resuming normal activity. The study highlights the importance of exercise for older people. Read more

US Lifestyles Lead Asian Indians to Develop Diabetes

A new study found that Asian Indians had an increased risk of developing type 2 diabetes after living in the United States for more than 20 years. The risk is linked to their adopting a sedentary American lifestyle and unhealthy diet habits, which lead to increases in blood glucose levels and poor cholesterol. Read more

Does the Keto Diet Increase Risk for Type 2 Diabetes?

The ketogenic diet, which is high in fat and low in carbohydrates, is very popular. But new research has raised the possibility that this type of diet may be linked to an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. The study was done in mice, so more research is needed, but experts say the research suggests […]

Weight Loss Can “Fix” Type 2 Diabetes — But Why?

A recent study found that nearly half of the participants with type 2 diabetes who followed a weight loss program went into remission by study’s end. Now, the researchers think they may know why: the weight loss caused improvement in the functioning of pancreatic beta cells that produce, store, and release insulin. Read more

Type 1 or Type 2? It’s More Complicated than You Might Think

Many people think of type 1 as a childhood disease, while thinking type 2 only develops in adulthood. A diabetes specialist discusses why that’s wrong, sharing her own experiences of diagnosing type 1 in elderly adults, and type 2 in toddlers. She points out that distinguishing type 1 from type 2 is often more complicated […]

Could Working Long Hours Increase Diabetes Risk for Women?

New research suggests that women who work at their jobs for 45 or more hours a week have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes than women who work 35 to 40 hours each week. It’s not clear why working longer hours may increase diabetes risk in women, but the researchers suspect that doing more […]

Artificial Pancreas Helps Hospital Patients

The “artificial pancreas” (an automated insulin delivery system) performed better in controlling blood sugar levels in hospitalized patients with type 2 diabetes compared than manual insulin delivery, a new study says. These devices have been used sucessfully to treat type 1 diabetes in non-hospitalized patients. The researchers believe their future use in hospital settings may […]

Is Exposure to a Common Pigment Linked to Diabetes?

Titanium dioxide is a common white pigment found in a range of ordinary items including paint and candy. Now a pilot study by researchers at The University of Texas at Austin has found crystalline particles of titanium dioxide in pancreas specimens with type 2 diabetes, suggesting that exposure to the white pigment is associated with […]

Medicare Launches New Diabetes Program

Medicare, which provides insurance coverage to millions of U.S. seniors, has announced a new program designed to prevent prediabetes from progressing to type 2 diabetes. Nearly have of U.S. seniors have prediabetes, and many have not been diagnosed. Prediabetes increases the risk of developing type 2 and also increases risk of heart disease and stroke. […]

Are the ACP’s “Brand New” Guidelines Already Outdated?

The American College of Physicians (ACP) recently issued a set of guidelines for glycated hemoglobin (A1c) treatment targets in patients with type 2 diabetes. These guidelines generated immediate controversy. An endocrinologist reviews the new guidelines and explains exactly why she disagrees with several of their key points: setting most A1c targets between 7% and 8%, […]

Researchers Target New Treatment for Type 2

Researchers at Yale University believe targeting a protein called islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP), a hormone made by the same cells that produce insulin, may lead to a new treatment for type 2 diabetes. The researchers say that when IAPP develops the wrong shape, it pokes holes in the membranes of pancreatic islets that are large […]

Losing Excess Weight Before Adolescence May Help Avoid Type 2

Excess weight is a risk factor in developing type 2 diabetes at any age. A new study has found that adolescence may be a vital cutoff point for weight management to reduce type 2 risk. The researchers found that overweight children who were able to achieve a healthy weight by age 13 had the no […]

Bariatric Surgery Better than Medication for Teens with Type 2

New research says that in teenagers who have severe obesity and type 2 diabetes, bariatric surgery provides much better weight loss, diabetes remission, and improvement in heart risk factors than medical treatment.  The analysis of data from two large studies suggests a surgical solution to youth-onset type 2 may be preferable, despite the risks of […]

Microneedle-Array Patches Offer Innovation in Type 2 Treatment

New microneedle-array patches are painless and non-invasive and allow treatment particles to be released iin response to biological stimuli. The patch incorporates a glucose-sensing element and a drug-releasing component This design hopes to serve as a reliable and effective treatment option for glucose management in type 2 diabetes. Read more